What is climate change

What is climate change? According to Ecolife, climate change is the long-term shift in weather patterns in a specific region or globally. Unlike global warming, which refers to just one aspect of climate change, climate change refers to changes in a regions overall weather patterns, including precipitation, temperatures, cloud cover, and so on. Thus I agree with the statement that we face an uncertain future with catastrophic environmental, economic, political, social change which lies beyond our power to influence or control.

According to the scientific experts in the field of climatology, climate change is caused by human activities that have resulted in an increased concentration of greenhouse gases in our atmosphere, including carbon dioxide, water vapour, methane, ozone, and nitrous oxide. Climate change can affect our health. Impacts of climate change on human system include food insecurity, water scarcity, and infrastructural damage, loss of lives, injuries and mental illness. Human health, security and livelihood are at high risk due to frequent climate events. Impacts on climate change on children include food, disease, nutrition, school dropouts, quality of education, and so on. In many cases households get affected with worse economic situations due to disaster and stop sending their children to schools. This leads to children helping their parents to rebuild their houses and finding emergency income sources. Climate change can also damage schools that leads children for dropping out of school. Such loss and damage has long term implications for children as because schools are considered as future human capital formation instrument for them. Not only that, but children may suffer from diseases, hunger and abuse due climate change impacts.

Climate change has already cost the economy in many ways. As the country experience more extremely hot days, food prices will increase. Climate change is causing mass migration around the world. Immigrants are leaving flooded coastlines, drought stricken farmlands, and areas of extreme natural disaster. According to The Balance, by the year 2050, climate change will force 700 million people to emigrate.

Climate change isn’t just bad for the planet, it’s bad for your health, an abundance of research suggests. Global warming will likely bring an increase in heat waves. Air temperate may be bad for the heart because they influence the way the automatic nervous system that helps the body adapt to its environment, according to the American Heart Association. It regulates body functions, including the hearts electrical activity and airflow into the lungs. Studies shows that you get more allergies due to plants that flower earlier and total pollen production is increasing. While genetics plays a large role in most of all allergies, a longer and more intense pollen season could exacerbate symptoms. Global warming may bring an increase in extreme events, including heat waves, floods and large storms, which could come with high death tolls. Increases in heat and rainfall in certain areas brought on by climate change may make conditions ripe for disease spread. Certain diseases illnesses in which a host organism, such as an insect, carries and transmits a disease causing agent are particularly affected by varying weather and hotter temperatures.

During the last two decades, 200 million have been lifted out of hunger and the prevalence of chronic malnutrition in children has decreased from 40 to 26 percent. Water is essential for life and good health. Fresh water is not only needed for drinking but also for cooking, food production and a variety of other uses such as sanitation, hygiene and cleanliness practises. Lack of sanitation can force people to defecate in the open, in rivers and near areas where children play. These habits result in 115 deaths every hour in the African Region. Bacteria, viruses, parasites and pollution contaminate freshwater stores resulting in water scarcity. Water scarcity is a major problem even in areas where there is plenty of rainfall. A lack of clean water increases the risk of diarrhoeal diseases as cholera, typhoid fever and dysentery, and other water borne tropical diseases. Water scarcity affects 1 to 3 people in the Africa Region and is getting worse with population growth, urbanization and increases in household and industrial uses. Water scarcity often encourages people to store water in their homes. This can increase the risk of household water contamination and provide breeding grounds for mosquitoes. Mosquitoes are carriers of dengue fever, malaria and many other diseases.

Climate change is a way of nature on our society. We must therefore find ways to make the gathering a better place and give hand where there’s needed. We should not see climate change as a negative packing, but as a challenge to help and support each other as a country.