This study assessed the compliance of public junior high schools’ in Ibaan District on Child Protection Policy of the Department of Education. Specifically it determined the profile of the respondents in terms of age, sex, civil status, and designation. Also, assessment on the compliance of junior high schools’ on the requirements of the Department of Education on the Child Protection Policy was done along with the responsibilities of each of the aforementioned schools’ on Child Protection Policy. Further, differences on their assessments according to their age were also taken into consideration. Results of these were used as basis on the proposed course of action to ensure the strict implementation of each schools on the Child Protection Policy of the DepEd.
The researchers used the descriptive design using the quantitative technique. One hundred eleven respondents which included the teachers, Master Teachers, and Head Teachers of concerned Public Junior High Schools participated in the survey. Frequency, percentage, weighted mean, ranking, and independent t-test were used to statistically treat the data which exposed the following;
Most of the respondents belong to the age bracket of 30-39 and majority was female, married, and belonged to the teaching force. It was found out that the junior high schools’ are compliant on requirements of the Department of Education on the Child Protection Policy and the aforementioned schools’ responsibility over the matter is very evident. Moreover, no significant differences were found on the respondents’ assessment on the schools’ compliance and responsibilities on the implementation of Child Protection Policy. Hence, action plan to ensure strict implementation of the aforementioned policy was designed.
Child Protection Policy, Compliance of Public Junior High Schools’, Responsibilities of Public Junior High Schools’
The researchers wish to acknowledge with deep gratitude and sincere appreciation the following individuals who have graciously extended their invaluable assistance and unwavering support.
Mr. David Nuay for his Encouragement
Dr. Emiliana Roxas, Public School District Supervisor of Ibaan for her support and permission to conduct the study in the District of Ibaan.
Dr. Nenita Adame, Principal II of Dr. Juan A. Pastor Memorial National High School for the permission to distribute the questionnaires to the teachers.
Dr. Imelda Flores of Batangas State University for her expertise in the statistical matters of the study.
Mrs. Myrna De Castro for her patience in checking the organization and contents
of this research.
To the District and Division Research Committee
Mrs. Mary Ann Alvarez for helping us in the retrieving of questionnaires.
Teachers, Master Teachers, Head Teachers of the two Junior High Schools in Ibaan who gave their time and attention in answering the research questionnaires.
To the students, faculty and staff of Maximo T. Hernandez Memorial National High school headed by Dr. Maxima M. Javier for encouragement and support.
To our familes who bestowed love and understanding
Above all, the Almighty and ever loving GOD, who is the source of all wisdom and goodness and by whose providence of this work was made possible.
-Norman B., Dr. Maxima J., and Noralyn R.
IV. Introduction of the research
For the past several years, Philippine basic education has been undergoing series of changes, modifications and improvement in different areas especially on children’s protections and welfare. The Department of Education (DepEd) initiates changes within the educational system to adopt the Philippine education to the needs and demands of globalization.
One of the duties of DepEd as stipulated in the guidelines is to develop information, education, reporting system, exercise of disciplinary action and recommendation to address and prevent all forms of child abuse and to develop a Child protection policy.
Former Education Secretary Armin Luistro signed the Child Protection Policy and stated that it would be a very useful tool for teachers as they struggle daily with the duty of instilling discipline among their young and impressionable school children. It was developed by the DepEd in partnership with groups of civil society , teachers, private and public school representatives, international agencies and other child protection advocates. It was formally titled “Policies and Guidelines on Protecting Children in School from Abuse, Violence, Exploitation, Discrimination, Bullying and Other Forms of Abuse.”
In article I, Section no.2 Paragraph 3 of the Republic Act 7610 otherwise known as the Act of Providing for Stronger Deterrence and Special Protection Against Child Abuse, Exploitation and Discrimination, and for Other Purposes states that the best interests of children shall be the paramount consideration in all actions concerning them, whether undertaken by public or private social welfare institutions, courts of law, administrative authorities, and legislative bodies, consistent with the principle of First Call for Children as enunciated in the United Nations Convention of the Rights of the Child. Every effort shall be exerted to promote the welfare of children and enhance their opportunities for a useful and happy life.
In 1987 Constitution Art. XV section 3 stated that the State shall defend: The right of children to assistance, including proper care and nutrition, and special protection from all forms of neglect, abuse, cruelty, exploitation, and other conditions prejudicial to their development.
Child protection is a global requirements; confronting every country in the world. Children are exposed to the threat of violence in all spheres of life; at home, in school and the community, the workplace and in institutions. In all of these settings children are exposed to various forms of violence, including physical, emotional and sexual exploitation and abuse, as well as neglect. New/emerging forms of violence include online exploitation, where easy access to internet and the hidden nature of crimes committed in cyberspace leave children particularly vulnerable.
In the National Baseline Study on Violence against Children: Philippines by UNICEF ( 2016) stated that The Philippine’s commitment in 2010 to undertake its own national study – the first country in the region to begin this process – follows the country’s recognition as an active regional leader in the VAC movement. In general, recently enacted laws and policies in the Philippines have been crafted to better protect children, and adhere to international standards, and are thus held up as positive examples for the region. However, in spite of these laws, a dearth of national data and a lack of reporting mechanisms have rendered many less effective than intended. Consequently, initiatives taken by national institutions and international organizations are often insufficient, and at times even irrelevant and inappropriate. Additionally, prosecutions and convictions of those who perpetrate VAC have remained disproportionately low, with little change over the years.
The Child Protection Policy (DepEd Order No. 40, s. 2012) issued by the DepEd in 2012 refers to programs, services, procedures, and structures that are intended to prevent and respond to abuse, neglect, exploitation, discrimination and violence.
The Department reminded that under Special Protection of Children against Abuse, Exploitation and Discrimination Act (RA 7610) and CPP, teachers who humiliate students will face administrative sanctions. DepEd continues to equip teachers and school heads with knowledge on child protection policies of the government through a series of forums and consultations.