The non-tuberculous Mycobacteria

The non-tuberculous Mycobacteria (NTM) include those Mycobacterium species that are
not members of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC), that include the causative agent of
pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) and Mycobacterium leprae, causative agent of leprosy (Asiimwe et al., 2013; Malama et
al., 2014). They are normal inhabitants of natural waters, drinking waters, animals, birds, and soils(Muwonge et al., 2012; Ricketts et al., 2014; Velayati et al., 2014). Thus, the primary source of the infection of these bacteria to the human is environment .generally uncommon human
to-human transmission of NTM , although there is evidence of
transmission of certain NTM species such as Mycobacterium kansasii (Ricketts et al.,
2014). NTM have also been recovered from meat, fish, dairy products, fruits, vegetables
and more frequent from unpasteurized milk, suggesting a zoonotic potential for these bacteria
(Konuk et al., 2007)

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