Introduction Gender discrimination

Introduction
Gender discrimination, which refers to the prejudice against the women, recently have been receiving greater and greater popularity among the world. In 2014, the actress Emma Watson made a speech at the United Nation to appeal for people’s attention, which is aimed at ending all forms of gender discrimination. However, the sad truth is that the awful problem still tortures many people from different parts of the world and different culture, at different ages.
In almost every part of the world exists various form of gender discrimination such as work discrimination, sexual harassment, valuing the male child only and etc. Thanks to the Communism party’s education, research found that we Chinese people are among the least of the rate of the gender discrimination. In China, it’s out of doubt for everyone to accept the concept that males and females are equal. We can even hear the gentlemen’s phrase “lady first” at public from time to time. However, this doesn’t mean that the equality is totally a reality. As a matter of fact, gender bias still exists in China.
Literature review
In 2013, Kailing Shen from Australian National University made a research about the gender discrimination in job ads. She used the evidence from China and found that jobs that is gender-targeted is really common, and it is much less common in those requires certain ability and skills.
ZA Channar and IA Panhawar from the Pakistan University made an research about the gender discrimination in employment. The results reveals that females are much more common to be discriminated than male individuals. Additionally, this prevails more in public sector, instead of ion private sector.
Possible reasons
?Naturally, the birth rate of boys is slightly higher than that of girls. Thus, male citizens’ number is higher than that of female citizens. This leads to a Patriarchy. When it comes the construction of body, males are always stronger and more capable to deal with hard work. That’s why the prejudice exist.
?Cultural reason also counts. Almost all ancient culture fails to see the importance of female. Confucius, Socrates and other great thinkers all held the belief that women are better off if they haven’t received any education. It’s easy to understand the rationality at the ancient era, when women didn’t have to work at all. But it is unacceptable right now.
?The cost of education is another reason. The truth is that not all people on the planet can afford to receive education. When it comes to sending kids to school, since people can’t afford to send all the kid, the smarter or stronger boys usually have the priority. This awkward situation makes females are less competent with males.
?What’s more, the pregnant thing… At workplace, the employers don’t like graduated girls because ladies often tend to give birth to a child at their 20s. This means the employer have to pay the salary for ladies who are on vacation for giving a birth, which will cause an unacceptable decrease at the profit of the company.

Methodology
In an effort to look into the social problem about the gender discrimination, I chose to use the methodology of quantitative data collection as well as case study, which means to study the background, development, current conditions and environmental interaction of one or more individuals, groups, communities, businesses or institution in relation to internal and external influences.

Quantitative data collection
Participants
In the march of 2018 a number of 2000 standard questionnaires was handed out at different places such as schools, CBD areas, living zones and constructing fields in order to make the sample is randomly selected. The questionnaires were replied by 200 (10%) individuals. Among the respondents, 190 (95%) were aged 17-24. Males accounted for 20.0% and?females 80.0%.
Procedure
Questionnaires are designed for response that won’t request participants’ name and consist of 4 questions. Q1 is about the awareness of gender discrimination. Q2 gauges their knowledge of making out all the kinds of gender discrimination. Q3 makes an effort to figure out whether they have been discriminated. The purpose of Q4 is to find out the main reasons explained for the discrimination.
Results
Table 1 people’s knowledge of gender discrimination
Positive Number/ Percentage Negative Number/ Percentage Neutral Number/ Percentage
Awareness of gender discrimination (Q1) 197/98.5% 3/1.5% /
Classification of gender discrimination (Q2) 66/33% 102/51% 32/16%
Experience with gender discrimination (Q3) 171/85.5% 10/5% 19/9.5%
The study reveals that all the people (98.5%) understands the meaning of gender discrimination, but a lot of people (51%) can’t figure out all the kinds of gender discrimination. At the same time, nearly all the female people (85.5%) said that they have suffered from this depressing discrimination. Frankly speaking, we still have a long way to end the terrible discrimination.

Case study
After the data collection, we did some case study by interviewing several ladies from different ages and different social states. The interviewees were aged 27 to 42, and all women. After interviewing, we found some reasons behind the situation is interesting. Ladies from rural areas or little cities thought that the discrimination originates from poverty. The high cost of education kills many girls’ dreams. However, in those urban areas, the main reason is that employers tend to hire male in an effort to maximize the most profits. This is because most ladies have to take the maternity leave.

Results and Discussion
The purpose of this study is to find out the current situation of gender discrimination, the reason causes it and the feasible way to solve it. Below are some advice that could make a difference.
?In rural areas, most helpful way is to boost the economy to give every girl a chance to go to school.
?Reforms should be taken to guarantee the equal rights of women at the access to the ownership of various kind of family property, such as land property, inheritance, deposit, natural resources and etc.
?Some development should be achieved to enhance the use of technology in the field of information and communication to empower women.
?Some legislation approach like strengthening some policies should come into place in an effort to promote gender equality and the empowerment of all the females.
Unexpected Findings
After interviewing many ladies, we ran into an unexpected and interesting finding. In several part of China, females accounts for the most part of those who discriminate females. It’s interesting that men are less common than women to discriminate. In other words, women tortures each other. I suppose the culture background is to blame. Many women have the stereotyped image of what women should be. This is a burden not only to others but to themselves as well. To make this situation better, education about this certain aspect should come in to place. We have to teach girls that she can be anyone she wants, rather than the virtuous wife only.
Future Directions
In the future, we decide to look in the reproductive rights women have. Our aim is to end all forms of gender discrimination. In this study, we specifically looked at the situation of economic right, education, and work opportunity. After communicating with some doctors and teachers, wo have known that it is a common problem in the world that females lack the reproductive rights. We would like to look into this problem specifically and make an effort to put forward some useful suggestions that will make a difference. No wonder, everyone deserves equal rights!