Facts about Amazon Rainforest
1- Amazon Rainforest covers the area of more than 5.5 million square kilometers.
2- Amazon rainforest gives around 80% of total food we eat.
3- If amazon was country it would have ranked 9th largest country in the world.
4- The amazon transfers around 55 million gallons of water into the Atlantic Ocean every second.
5- Amazon rainforest is the largest of all tropical forests of the world.
6- 20% of the oxygen on our planet is produced by the humid Amazon tropical forests.
7- Amazon is known as ‘lungs of the planet.’
8- Amazon rainforest is more than 50 million years old.
9- The size of the Amazon rainforest is nine times the size of the Texas.
10- The largest fish in the world – Pirarucu, reaching impressive sizes (up to 2.5 m in length) and having a record weight of 250 kg was caught in the basins of Amazon River.
11- The Kapok tree is the tallest in the Amazon forest.
12- There are numerous native tribes who live in Amazon forest; they have no contact with civilization.
13- If there is three degree rise in temperature then it will destroy 75% of Amazon rainforest.
14- Amazon rainforest is located in territories of nine countries- Brazil, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana.
15- It is estimated that 2.5 million species of insects live in the Amazon basin.
16- Brazil takes the largest share, around 60% of the rainforest.
17- There are about 3,000 varieties of fruits found in Amazon rainforest.
18- Amazon Rainforest is home to more than 40,000 plant species.
19- Because of deforestation, all most 137 spices of plants, animals and insects become extinct every day.
20- Henry Ford built a city in the Amazon rainforest to harvest rubber. But now it is ghost town
21- There are no bridges over Amazon River.
22- There is species of butterflies that drinks the tears of turtles.
23- 20% of world’s birds live in Amazon Rainforest.
24- The soil of Amazon is not fertile enough, that’s why people living there have to move very often
25- The Toucan bird is the largest creature in the Amazon.
26- The floor of Rainforest is very dark, only 1% of sunlight reaches to the ground.
27- In year 2005 and 2010 Amazon suffered drought, huge amount of vegetation was affected due to it.
28- There are 500 species of mammals and 300 species of reptiles.
29- There are approximate 250,000 Amazon natives.
30- Amazon tribes speak around 170 different languages.
31- Amazon has many dangerous species of snakes, spiders and animals.
32- It takes 10 minutes to reach rain to the ground, because trees are so tightly packed.
33- Amazon Rainforest receives 243 centimeters of rain ever year and 50% of is returned to atmosphere through evaporation.
34- 1 in 10 of all the world’s plant and animal species are found in the Amazon Rainforest.
35- According to scientists, every second about half a hectare of the rainforest disappears, because of the developing industry of neighboring countries.
36- Recently, the species of blind underground ants found in the Amazon and it is considered a direct descendant of the very first species of ants.
37- One hectare of Amazon forest has more than 750 types of tree, and 1,500 types of plant.
38- In the Amazon and its tributaries there are over 2 thousand different species of fish.
39- From the point of view of the water flow, the Amazon River is more than the next 8 largest rivers of the planet combined.
40- The number of species of fish that live in this region exceeds the number of species of fish in whole Europe.
41- If deforestation will continue in same rate then we will lose Amazon rainforest in 40 years.
42- About 1/4 of medicine we have today is from Amazon and it is only from 1% of examined trees from there.
43- From the Amazon River to the Atlantic, there is so much fresh water that almost 150 kilometers of salt water desalts the ocean.
44- The structure of forest includes 4 layers, each of which has unique ecosystem with its inherent flora and fauna.
45- Five centuries ago, in the Amazonian tropics, lived about 10 million Aborigines.
46- Many plants of forest are known to have anti-cancerous properties.
47- Amazon has such huge diversity that it is believed that ants on one bush are more than entire British Isles.
48- On the territory of these forests there live such endangered species of animals and birds as the golden lion Tamarin, as well as the Hyacinth macaw (parrot).
49- In the waters of the Amazon, a fish called Arapaima weighs about 136 kilograms. It is covered with a sturdy relief scale, the multi-layered composite structure, which allows it to survive in environment of piranhas.
50- There is a theory that the Amazon is actually a giant orchard left from a civilization that flourished in this area about 3,000 years ago.
51- The daily flow of the Amazon is equal to the water supply, which is enough to use the entire city of New York for 12 years.
52- Most of the water in the Amazon is formed because of the annual snow melting in the Peruvian Andes.
53- Many plants of forest grow to gigantic proportions. For example, tropical lilies on the water.
54- Martin Strel was the first man to swim the entire length of Amazon River. It took him 66 days to travel.
55- Some species of ants of Amazon are known for raiding neighboring colonies and taking other ants into slavery.
56- Under the Amazon flows another river called Rio Hamza. It is of same length as Amazon but much wider than it.
57- Once the Amazon started flowing into the Pacific Ocean, but then changed its direction in the opposite direction.
58- In Amazon Forest, a microscopic fungus is found which can survive by eating plastic.
59- On Amazon there is the largest river island in the world – Marajo.
60- The rainforest is very humid and has a larger temperature difference between day and night than between seasons.
Facts about Amazon Rainforest