Discuss: to explain how Taoism, Buddhism, and Confucianism influenced the shaping of Chinese medical thought, in detail, including examples, and related information.
Relative influence: degree of effects of each philosophy on shaping TCM theories.
Taoism, Buddhism, and Confucianism: The three main philosophies in China
Chinese Medical thought: The foundation of ancient Chinese beliefs or philosophies that formed the TCM theory that we study today.
This subject aims to introduce the students to the historical and philosophical foundations of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). I will be able to acquire knowledge of the historical events and foundations of the traditional Chinese medicine philosophies by exploring and discussing philosophies such as Taoism, Buddhism, and Confucianism in the evolution of the traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) that we study today.
It is important to discuss the three main philosophies that affected greatly on the development of TCM today. It is also important to explain the backgrounds, and beliefs of each philosophy and how these helped to shape the theory taught today. I will also state any conflict occurred in the development of the theory.
Social and ethical philosophy
Social rituals (li)
Not a religion
Master Kong (Confucius, 551 ~ 479 BCE)
Zhou Dynasty (1121 BC – 249AD)
Concept of Jen (Superior man): perfectibility of man
Song Dynasty (960-1279)
imperial civil service exams
Negation Roswell for the good of the family
gratitude for elders,
protection and compilation of medical books
Tao Te Ching
Tao means the Way
orientates and connects everything together
Ziran (of its own)
harmony with the Tao
Qi (vital life)
Lao Zi (580-500BC)
maintaining good health and life
good mental health
Huang Di Nei Jing (Huangdi’s Canon of Medicine)
Zhuang Zi (369~286 B.C.)
natural objectivity and laws
Warring States Period (475~221 B.C.)
longevity and immortal life
law of earth
law of heaven
laws of tao
essence of nature
aim of immortalising human life
originate from ancient India
Han Dynasty (206 B.C. – 220 A.D.)
Arrived in China in year 2 BC
Jin (265 – 420) dynasty
Tang (618 – 907) dynasty
jinzhen bazhang shu
escape from illness and death
protecting all living things
Dayi Jingcheng (Virtues of Great Physicians)
body, mind and spirit
process of healing
the “Enlightened One”
Four Noble Truths
The Noble Eight Fold Path
The Five Precepts
I will state that I will be writing about the three important philosophies that influenced the TCM theory that we study today. Then I will briefly explain each of 3 philosophies with a short background and main beliefs. I will also state the information about Chinese medicine history.
Historical Event: Important historical backgrounds during Zhou dynasty, Han dynasty and other relevant periods that are significant to TCM evolution. And the history of Chinese Medicine.
Confucianism – Zhou dynasty, Origin, main belief, aim, and how they influenced TCM,
Taoism – Origin, main belief, aims and how did they influence TCM.
Buddhism – Han dynasty, Origin, main belief, aim, and How they influenced TCM, Quote includes: The Buddha says, “I am like a good physician who knows how to cure the illness and prescribe the right medicine.”
I will conclude my essay by restating the main points from the essay question, state any common belief of three philosophies, and how they are harmonised to shape the TCM theory today.