. Every child is distinctive and evolves at a different stride. A safe environment uplifts exploration and playing behaviors in young children. When parents bring their toddlers to a child care center, they suppose them to be secure. They imagine the playground, equipment, toys, and other stuff will be safe for children to use and that teachers will carefully administer their activities. These assumptions require teachers to be well informed and knowledgeable about how to design and preserve environments that shield children’s health and safety. An enormous open space, free from impediments, for the play area, is motivated for very young children.
The environment is inclusive, encourages expertise, unconventional exploration and learning through play. And, the other grade areas, including vigor and safety, educational agendas, relationships with children and families and staffing exhibition all relate to the environment produced. (National quality standard, 2012)
Children’s concern is a chief notion of Belonging, Being and Becoming (DEEWR, 2009). Developmentally appropriate classroom permits for experiences in areas for listening, reading, dramatic play, writing, art, and block. While classrooms may consider divergent, space should serve these studying areas so that children can assimilate to move freely throughout the room for the reason of utilizing the equipment and material
The learning environment is a censorious part and can be intentionally produced to assist the healthy development of the toddler. Because in the milestone of 12 and 18 months, children may not only develop by leaps and bounds but also learn to leaps and bounds. They are influenced by their surroundings. Unsafe equipment, spaces that are laborious to supervise and dangerous materials being approachable to children result in teachers being supervisors and being preoccupied with monitoring children’s behavior and movements. This preoccupation can obstruct with teachers communicate with children in ways that subsidize learning.
Considerations That Influence The Design Of The Space:
The toddler may be capable to stand without any support between the age of 12 and 18 months. Between 12 and 18 months, children learn a lot about this world by banging and shaking things. A comfortable book area delivers young children with premature literacy experiences, and toddler spends a lot of his time on the floor so carpet provides consolation and bungle sound (Mooney, 2000), natural light in the classroom improve performance so a window in the class is very essential. Dramatic play area and block area are very much active areas which could be designed near each other but the reading area would need a more quiet space; set material in an area which can be easily approachable by children. We know that music and rhyme books are the elements of human society. In the cognitive milestone between the age of 12 and 18 children start thinking in a different way. They recite rhyme and different books. Singing presents to teach behavior, social and basic skills. Studies have manifested that child who loves music and who rhyme and sing regularly also inclined to have a simpler time assimilating to speak. They have already evolved the vocabulary to convey themselves, and they also become more assertive and creative. They love changes in variation and vocal tone. This keeps it thrilling for them and guides them to learn about the natural sounds of a language. Very young toddlers will like instruments they can shake — rattles tambourines, rain sticks, music drum, and bells. As a child gets older and a little more correlated, they enjoy rhythm instruments that can be banged, like, cymbals, or xylophones.
When children are familiar with the rhyme and rhyme books, they learn to predict the rhyming word. This composes them to make the projection. Rhyming is momentous for writing too. It can help toddlers assimilate that words that measure common sounds often share common letters. For example, the rhyming words bat and cat end with –at. When listening to rhyming songs and poems toddlers design mental picture developing the imagination. Songs about parts are chiefly entertaining and a great way to teach little ones how to pinpoint and learn the names of the parts of their body. That’s why in the language milestone children learn to speak a lot of words at the age of 18 months. Utilizing songs, rhymes and picture books is an exceptional way to guide the child to mature their language and communication skills.
Learning Intention For Space And The Role Of The Teacher:
Caring adults enumerate more than capital and equipment. Cultural and social domain in which children grow up playing a key role in children’s learning (Lev Vygotsky ,1896-1934). Inadequately designed classrooms can cause disturbance and negative social interactions among students and the teacher. For example, having the reading and writing center next to the music area would cause disruptions among children who are trying to focus on the skill of writing. Students can become thwarted when they do not have a well- ordered environment to call their own. The physical environment is a straight image of the teacher’s designing and the student’s learning. It is where both teachers and students will devote most of their time and a place they can call their own and relate to. It should be well organized, cozy, and charming and offer a variation of manipulating for social, physical, cognitive and emotional development. In this regard, teacher performs a very vital role
Children between the age of 12 and 18 months arise and develop both briskly and at their own pace. Teachers can furnish spaces and experiences that encourage trust and strengthen bonds, such as cozy spaces for teachers to hold and supervision for infants. For example, looking at board books together is an activity that encouraged literacy and language learning and the growth of attachment between infants and their teachers. The teacher is required not only to defend the toddler through closeness but also to let go, to encourage spreading autonomy
Toddlers have a brawny wish to move and investigate. Teachers should present spaces that are secure, clean and stimulating, squashy, thick floor coverings, such as mats will assist toddlers to feel congenial moving on the floor because in the physical milestone between the age of 12 and 18 months children walk and start learning to jump with both feet. Therefore, a classroom should be set according to this, so that the kids can easily play in the room. Offer safe furniture upon which toddlers can pull themselves up and creep along is also helpful.

Conclusion:
Designing suitable environments for children is the fundamental part of the National Quality Framework as confirmed by Quality Area 3: Physical Environment. Giving quality learning classroom for children is also one of the key execution teachers require to manifest in their implementation of the learning structure (the EYLF, 2012).
Your environment must be inclusive and encourage children’s proficiency; independent
Investigation and learning through fun (NQS Standard 3.2) to be imaginative in designing the foremost use of what you have and design for.